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Maps and Overview
       Maps
      
Fortification overview

Historic      
     
Defence of Copenhagen
      
The Persons behind
      
The  Mobilisation 1914
     
German Attack ??

     
The Northern Defence Line
      
The Forts
     
The Batteries
      The Flooding
s
      The Positions


The Naval and Coastal Forts
      
The 1. Defence Line
      
The 2. Defence Line
      
The 3. Defence Line


The Western Defence Line
     
The Principles
    
The Profile
     T
he Caponiere
    
The Batteries
    
The Storing Facilities
 

The Tune Position
       A New Kind of War
       The Air War

      
The Position
      
The Mosede Fort
      
The Foxholes
      
The Galleries
      
The Trenches     
      
The Artillery
      
The Air Defence    
      
The Camps and Barracks
      
Other Facilities
      
Map
      
After WW I
      
The Present Remains

  Start
                   


















 


   The Fortifications of Copenhagen
 
 
The Three Significant Men of the Fortification of Copenhagen.














 
Prime Minister Jacob Brønnum Scavenius Estrup (1825-1913)

Estrup was elected to parliament for one period in 1854, and from 1864-98 public elected member of the supreme chamber. In 1865 he became minister of  the interior. He resigned because of decease. He was a significant figure on the conservative right-wing, and was asked to form a government in 1875. 
Estrup was far from a democrat as we understand a democrat, and he also should
have been extraordinary stubborn. He hated the talk of parlamentarism, and he
was not affected of the fact that the conservative party lost a number of elections.
He got money to the fortifications without the permission by the parliament in both
1877 and 1885-94.
The constitution was in fact violated.

After an assassin on Estrup, a number of laws were submitted, giving the police
more power, restrictions on the press and limiting the right to posses’ weapons.
Estrup resigned in 1894, but kept a lot of influence in the conservative party


              

 

  Colonel E.J. Sommerfeldt

The Danish officer that supervised the building of the fortifications. He Invented the defence system used on the southern front under influence of, and in cooperation with, General Brialmont from Belgium and general Kromhout from Holland .
 

 
     Brialmont


       Kromhout

     Colonel E.J.Sommerfeldt
                 1842-1903

 

               
 

  MP Viggo  Lauritz Bentheim , liberal radical

(May 22th. 1841 -  february 15th. 1902)
Lawyer, politician, editor and minister.

Hørup was the most significant opponent to the fortification and Quoted  numerous times for his even today well-known favorite remark on the fortification "What's the use"

Founder of the Radical Liberal Party in Denmark