The Fortifications of Copenhagen
Why was the fortress at the
western enceinte so unique ?
Early times ramparts and moats was very much
the same. Shaped as the blade of a saw with
its teeth pointing towards the enemy. (In french Trassé creamillet)
This made it possible to fire in an angle of maximum 90 degrees, and prevented
The overall purspose was to to be able to fire at the enemy from maximun range,
moving the fire
at he moved forward, even if he started to climb the ramparts.
Sommerfeldt also placed artillery in batteries
along til defence line, that was able to fire directly at the
enemy in long range "the old fashion way."
The guns were placed in batteries (4-12 pcs:) along the 14 kilometres of
The main ide was based on, that the enemy efter having forced the open terrain
of the defence line under fire from heavy 9, 12 and 15 cm artillery,
infantry-rifles should pass the waterline, ramparts and the caponieres.
The most critical point for the enemy would be, when he passing the about 6
moat, was taken under fire from a 7,5 cm rapid firing canon and two 8 mm
(2 barrel mitralleuse) - from bunkers (caponiers) in the flank. These was supported
from the ramparts by infantry and machineguns.
This fire from the flank caponieres was directed towards the back og the next
the line, so no blind angles would appear.
Known blind angles and crossings in
was covered cy little bunkers with machineguns in the rampage.
There was about 350 feet between the caponieres.
Western Enceinte photos
West, from where an attack was to be expected
Western defence line with
its ramparts and moat.
1. artillery-train, 2. The road, 6.
artillery-stand, 12. The channel, 14. Patrol path,
16. cover for infantry, 17. open area
towards the enemy