Danish version 

The Author  
   
Map and Overview
      
Map.
      
Fortification overview

Historic      
      The
Defence of Copenhagen
      
The Persons behind
      
The  Mobilisation 1914
     
Attack against Denmark

     
The Northern Defence Line
      
The Forts
     
The Batteries
     
The Flooding
      
The Positions


The Naval and Coastal Forts
      
The 1. Defence Line
      
The 2. Defence Line
      
The 3. Defence Line


The Western Defence Line
     
The Principles
    
 The Profile
     
The Caponiere
      
The Batteries
      
The Storing Facilities
 

The Tune Position
      
Modern Warfare
      
The Aerial War
      
The Position
      
The Mosede Fort
      
The Foxholes
      
The Galleries
      
The Trenches     
      
The Artillery
      
The Air Defence    
      
The Camps and Barracks
      
Other Facilities
      
Map
      
After WW I
      
The Present Remains































 
 

The Fortifications of Copenhagen
 

Why was the western enceinte so unique  ?


In early times ramparts and moats was very much the same. Shaped as the blade of a saw with its teeth pointing towards the enemy. (In french Trassé creamillet) This made it possible to fire in an angle of maximum 90 degrees, and prevented blind angles.
The overall purspose was to to be able to fire at the enemy from maximun range, moving the fire at he moved forward, even if he started to climb the ramparts.

Sommerfeldt also placed artillery in batteries along til defence line, that was able to fire directly at the enemy in long range "the old fashion way."
The guns were placed in batteries (4-12 pcs:) along the 14 kilometres of enceinte.

The main ide was based on, that the enemy efter having forced the open terrain in front of the defence line under fire from heavy 9, 12 and 15 cm artillery, machuineguns and infantry-rifles should pass the waterline, ramparts and the caponieres.
The most critical point for the enemy would be, when he passing the about 6 feet deep moat, was taken under fire from a 7,5 cm rapid firing canon and two 8 mm machineguns (2 barrel mitralleuse) - from bunkers (caponiers) in the flank. These was supported from the ramparts by infantry and machineguns. This fire from the flank caponieres was directed towards the back og the next caponiere in
the line, so no blind angles would appear.
Known blind angles and crossings in the chanal, was covered cy little bunkers with machineguns in the rampage.
There was about 350 feet between the caponieres.

 The Western Enceinte photos

                                                     West, from where an attack was to be expected

 
           Tvĉrsnit af Vestvolden
                 
  The Western defence line with its ramparts and moat.
                   1. artillery-train, 2. The road,  6. artillery-stand, 12. The channel, 14. Patrol path,
                   16. cover for infantry,   17. open area towards the enemy