Danish version 

The Author  
   
Map and Overview
      
Map.
      
Fortification overview

Historic      
      The
Defence of Copenhagen
      
The Persons behind
      
The  Mobilisation 1914
     
Attack against Denmark

     
The Northern Defence Line
      
The Forts
     
The Batteries
     
The Flooding
      
The Positions


The Naval and Coastal Forts
      
The 1. Defence Line
      
The 2. Defence Line
      
The 3. Defence Line


The Western Defence Line
     
The Principles
    
 The Profile
     
The Caponiere
      
The Batteries
      
The Storing Facilities
 

The Tune Position
      
Modern Warfare
      
The Aerial War
      
The Position
      
The Mosede Fort
      
The Foxholes
      
The Galleries
      
The Trenches     
      
The Artillery
      
The Air Defence    
      
The Camps and Barracks
      
Other Facilities
      
Map
      
After WW I
      
The Present Remains


















































































































































































































































 

The Fortifications of Copenhagen 
 

The Naval Fort "Proevestenen"

 

The Prøvestenen
naval fort can lead its military history back to 1713 , when as amall ship of teh same name were sunk at the same place, to make an artificial armed ememrgency harbour for the navy.
The naval fort of to day was established in 1859-63.

The Fort was build on an artificial island of stones.The artillery was placed under open air, divided by four  concrete traverses. In these there were romms for the crew and stores for ammunition.
The Fort had observation posts and floodlights.


The Fort is a part of the inner line og the naval defence and was supposed, along with the Stricker Battery (coastal), The Mellemfort (naval), the Lynetten Battery (coastal) and the Trekroner (naval) keep hostile ships  fjendtlige Skibe in proper distance of Copenhagen and especially prevent them to get into the   Kongedybet, the area between the little island Saltholm and Seeland and thus the strait to the harbour of Copenhagen.

The Fort was rearmed several times. At the outbreak of WW1 it was armed with sixteen 17 cm. steel canons, six 29 cm iron canons, eight 47 mm rapid firing canons, og which tree was for the aireal defence. In addition there was one 75 mm. canon and to machineguns for aireal defence and two 90 cm. floodlights.
Later the armament was reduced to twelve 17 cm.canons, one 75 mm canon and three 47 mm canons.

The Prøvestenen Fort was decommisioned in 1922.
To day its part of the Copenhagen fuel store and not accesible.

 
.
The Proevesten Fort. Deck and
               
artillery 1924

                           The fort  1865


                                                             

                                                            
                     The Proevestenen, Areal Photo 2005
 

 
     The throat, Proevestenen      
 

                 The Throat
 

       The Front, Proevestenen
 
 
The Front towards the Øresund
 
 
     Openings for the canons
 

      Openings for the canons
 
        
   Frederik the 7th. monogram


 
          The building periods
            of theProevesten Fort
 
     
   Christian the 9th. monogram
 
     The eastern end of the fort
 

           The gate to the fort
 

                      The gate
 
         
          Entrance from the gate

 


Stairs to the gun deck

 

      
                To the guns

 

                  Gun stands

 

                The gun deck

 

      Ammunition stores and
         rooms for the crew

 

            

 

                  Gun stands

 

    Ventilation pipes from the
                casemates
 
        
      
 

    Tower at the western end
 

        Front of a gun stand
 
 
       Entrance to the fort from
                 the gun deck

      Stairs to the ground floor
        
               The ground floor
 
 
 The ceiling in the ground floor
      
        
 

            
       
       

 
      
    

 

    Stand for casemat canon
 
 
            Room for the crew
      
            Gate to one of the
                 casemates

 

        
 
     

 

               Casemat cannon)
 
 
         Door in the casemats

 

 

 

                      Lamp

 
           
 



 
      
               Original door
 

         Pipes Under the fort
     


 
 

   

 
     
     Tunnel in the casemates
 
      
            Ammunition store
 
   
          15 cm.  casemat guns