Danish version 

The Author  
   
Map and Overview
      
Map.
      
Fortification overview

Historic      
      The
Defence of Copenhagen
      
The Persons behind
      
The  Mobilisation 1914
     
Attack against Denmark

     
The Northern Defence Line
      
The Forts
     
The Batteries
     
The Flooding
      
The Positions


The Naval and Coastal Forts
      
The 1. Defence Line
      
The 2. Defence Line
      
The 3. Defence Line


The Western Defence Line
     
The Principles
    
 The Profile
     
The Caponiere
      
The Batteries
      
The Storing Facilities
 

The Tune Position
      
Modern Warfare
      
The Aerial War
      
The Position
      
The Mosede Fort
      
The Foxholes
      
The Galleries
      
The Trenches     
      
The Artillery
      
The Air Defence    
      
The Camps and Barracks
      
Other Facilities
      
Map
      
After WW I
      
The Present Remains

   
                   






































































 

The Fortifications of Copenhagen
 

The Outbreak of World War I and The Danish Semi-mobilisation.

 

  The outbreak of WWI forced Denmark to enlist 50.000 men to stay neutral. The 40.000 were designated to The New Fortress around Copenhagen. In the period 1914-15 Denmark had the biggest army ever.
It was not really a mobilization, but at force only meant to claim the neutrality. The mobilization order was given august 1st 1914. 

The fortresses was made almost ready for battle, and some of the last armaments were made. Some of these works was only meant
to be made in case of mobilization, but were made nevertheless. Miles of barbed wire was established along the waterline and around the caponieres at the southern defense line. Demolition of bridges and dams were prepared and known holes in the defense lines, necessary for roads, railroads and bridges, were closed. 

Numerous corps of volunteers reported in for duty in the defense line.  Paramilitary civilians were designated to operate the machine-guns. Volunteers who had trained in their spare time. Young engineer-students attended the complex searchlight and its generators.
 

                          

          Volunteers (Akademisk Skyttekorps "The Infantry Batallion") 1914
 
 
                        Floodlight
 
 

The Artillery was attended by the 3. btn of the Fortress Artillery Regiment. The Regiment was founded in 1867 on the basis of some regiments, that were hasty founded in 1863 to attend the heavy artillery in Dannevirke, Dybbøl and  Fredericia.   
The military life in the southern defense life was not attractive. From 1914 there were stationed 1 sergeant with 10 infantrymen in every caponiere.  Here they slept, dined and lived - without the warm and dry rooms the fortresses in the north offered the soldiers.

 
Food and coffee was brought in mobile kitchens on the road along the defense line.
 

 
                          Mobile Kitchens
 

                              Ambulances
 
 
         75 mm. Rapid firing steel-canon
 
     
         Nordenfeldt 8mm 10-barrelled Mitrailleuse
 

 Each caponiere were armed with a 75 mm. rapid-firing steel-canon and 2 machineguns. The gun above, was actually placed at the
 Bagsværd Fort                                 

 Behind the moaTs an the rampages the artillery were waiting for the enemy  

 
   9 cm. field gun
 

              12 cm gun
 

                 15 cm gun
 
 

 
                       Field artillery

 
 


Maschinegun                    Mitrailleuse
             
                           model Gatling