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Maps and Overview
       Maps
      
Fortification overview

Historic      
     
Defence of Copenhagen
      
The Persons behind
      
The  Mobilisation 1914
     
German Attack ??

     
The Northern Defence Line
      
The Forts
     
The Batteries
      The Flooding
s
      The Positions


The Naval and Coastal Forts
      
The 1. Defence Line
      
The 2. Defence Line
      
The 3. Defence Line


The Western Defence Line
     
The Principles
    
The Profile
     T
he Caponiere
    
The Batteries
    
The Storing Facilities
 

The Tune Position
       A New Kind of War
       The Air War
      
The Position
      
The Mosede Fort

      
The Foxholes
      
The Galleries
      
The Trenches     
      
The Artillery
      
The Air Defence    
      
The Camps and Barracks
      
Other Facilities
      
Map
      
After WW I
       The Present Remains

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                                                          The Fortifications of Copenhagen
                                                                   The Tune Position  
 
The Purpose with the position.

 
The purpose of the Tune position

The construction was guided by the latest developments in modern warfare. The Tune Position did not basically break with previous observations of the latest fortification decades. The value of advanced works was well known, and they were conscious of the need of  keeping hostile artillery from the army and the Capitol.  And the Northern Front was exactly built with advanced forts - supported by underlying batteries and positions.In connection with the construction of the Western Enceinte there had also been plans about constructing a advanced fort at Vallensbaek. The hole purpose with the Tune Position was to advance the defense to a distance from Copenhagen, where modern artillery could not reach it.

The Tune Position came to live up to the last known experiences and principles of the First World War. The overriding principle was the big fields with barbed wire flanked by small cavities (bunkers with two recoil guns and a floodlight) and the slightly larger galleries (bunkers with up to 8 man crew). The fire of the flanking recoil guns on the barbed wire areas was precisely the tactic that had required large casualties among the attacking forces in particular the trenches in France. Between caves and galleries, there were regular trenches alongside the barbed wire, from where the infantry could counterattack. The area in front of the position could off cause be aken under fire by the underlying artillery.

The latest weapon technical and commanding experiences were used during the the construction. Intelligence from the battlefields came slowly but surely back to the Staffs. And there were much to report on. The battlefields af World War one were laboratory bench for the firearms industry - with huge losses to follow. The military principles could not be revised as fast as the new discoveries - and the battlefield swarmed with new creepy arms.


 
                                 The machine gun with its flanking fire had a terible
  effect on the advancing troops, delayed   in no mans
  land by the barbed wire.
 
  It is estimated, that 5,5 mill. soldiers died due to this
  weapon during WW I.

 

                                            Gas (1914-15), at first a relatively harmless teargas,
  but later huge amounts of debilitating and deadly
  chlorine- and mustardgas

 

                                   

  1) Handgrenade(William Mills 1915), Usefull aganst
     advancing troops from the trench.

 
  2) Eeg handgrenade with black powder

 

 

                                                        The Flame-thrower.
  Usefull against trenches and small positions.

 

                         
  The Tank (Tank is the original code-
  name for it)
  Able to pass barbed wire and trenches
  in front of the advancing troops.

                       

 

 
  The Aeroplane.
  Able to observe for the artillery and
  attack targets with bombs.
                                   

  Barbed wire instead of natural barriers
  such as thorns and brambles.
  Fields,
15-20 metres wide.

 


This new kind og warfare favored brand new requirements for Blur and camouflage instead of sitting behind thick concrete walls, waiting that the enemy came so close that you could fire him.
Now the troops and the arms were hidden until they appeared unexpectedly by an attack.

 
                                              Gone were the old colorful uniforms. Gone were the ending rows and columns, that with felled bayonet went marching to the final run om the enemy - often fired upon by artillery or attacked by dragoons.
 

Gone were the magnificent forts with their surrounding batteries, replaced by humble muddy trenches, caves, galleries and miles of barbed wire. Cuppolas disappeared and were replaced with batteries hidden behind hills and slopes - often shooting indirectly against an enemy that was only visible for the observer.