Danish version 

 
The Author  
   
 Map and Overview
      
Map.
      
Fortification overview

Historic      
      The
Defence of Copenhagen
      
The Persons behind
      
The  Mobilisation 1914
     
Attack against Denmark

     
The Northern Defence Line
      
The Forts
     
The Batteries
     
The Flooding
      
The Positions


The Naval and Coastal Forts
      
The 1. Defence Line
      
The 2. Defence Line
      
The 3. Defence Line


The Western Defence Line
     
The Principles
    
 The Profile
     
The Caponiere
      
The Batteries
      
The Storing Facilities
 

The Tune Position
      
Modern Warfare
      
The Aerial War
      
The Position
      
The Mosede Fort
      
The Foxholes
      
The Galleries
      
The Trenches     
      
The Artillery
      
The Air Defence    
      
The Camps and Barracks
      
Other Facilities
      
Map
      
After WW I
      
The Present Remains
 
   
                   

   


























































 

The Fortifications of Copenhagen
 

The Forts at the Northern Front

From Utterslev Moor and towards  the north, chain of 5 forts was constructed from 1886 to 1994. Later the Taarbaek Fort was build. to. This was combined land- and coastal fort. The Taarbaek Fort was covered witk earth in the 1960s and only a little trace of the grave and caponieres is visible in the terrain.
All the forts , except the Garderhøj Fort was triangular forts.
In the backside of the fort, the throat, there was casemates and a caponiere. This enabled flanking fire to protect the fort and the moats around d it. Some of the casemates facing the throat pit was for the crew, kitchen etc. On the other side of the central corridor the fort's ammunition magazines were situated.
The forts had an approx. 10 meters wide moat lying like two flank graves and a throat pit. Slopes were bare, but the body of the fort was surrounded by a 1 ½ meter high concrete wall on which was mounted a high iron grid. The grid at Bagsvaerd Fort is the only one that exist today.
All the forts had a caponiere, from where the moats could be covered with flanking fire. At every  fort there was a glacis, from where an infantry defense could be established.

 

Upstairs the casemates the artillery floor was situated. All guns were mounted in armored turrets. These might be rotated 360 degrees but not
raised and lowered.The lighter guns and mitrailleuses was mounted in disapearing towers. These could be raised and lowered as needed.
The five forts from 1886-1994 were:

 

 

The Gladsaxe Fort

The Lyngby Fort

The Garderhøj Fort

The Fortun Fort

The Bagsvaerd Fort
The Taarbaek Fort, 1914 (Coastal fort as well)

            

              The Gladsaxe Fort
 
The Fortifications of Copenhagen. The Gladsaxe Fort
                    The Throat
 
The Fortifications of Copenhagen. Caponiere of The Gladsaxe Fort
             The caponiere
 

            The caponiere interior
 
The Fortifications of Copenhagen. The Lyngby Fort
     The Lyngby Fort, The Throat
 
The Fortifications of Copenhagen. Caponiere of the Lyngby Fort
             The caponiere
 
The Fortifications of Copenhagen. Ammunition Storage in the Lyngby Fort
               Ammunition storage
 

                        Tunnel
 
The Fortifications of Copenhagen. Caponiere of The Garderhoej Fort
The Garderhoej Fort, the caponiere
 

               The caponiere
 
The Fortifications of Copenhagen. Cuppola on the Garderhoej Fort
        Disappearing turret for
               a 75 mm. gun

 
The Fortifications of Copenhagen. Armoured turret in  the Glarderhoej Fort
     Armored turret interior

 
The Fortifications of Copenhagen. The Fortun Fort
         The Fortun Fort, the throat
 
The Fortifications of Copenhagen. Armoured door in the Fortun Fort
                  Armored door
 

         Casemate for the crew
 
The Fortifications of Copenhagen. Caponiere at the Fortun Fort
        The caponiere in the moat
 
The Fortifications of Copenhagen. The Bagsvaerd Fort
    The Bagsvaerd Fort, the throat
 
The Fortifications of Copenhagen. Observers cuppola at the Bagsvaerd Fort
          Turret for the observer
 

          Contra weight for the
             observation turret

 
The Fortifications of Copenhagen. The moat around the Bagsvaerd Fort
                       The moat
 

               The Taarbaek Fort
 
   
                 The throat 1916
 
The Fortifications of Copenhagen. The Taarbaek Fort
                      Arial photo
 
The Fortifications of Copenhagen. Interior of the Taarbaek Fort
           The ammunition storage